By Any Other Name: Judgments of Men and Women who Identify with Feminism, the Women’s Movement, and Gender Equality
Many individuals (non-labelers) do not identify as feminists due to stigma, but ostensibly support feminist goals. Research supports that stereotypes exist about feminists, especially feminist men. However, little research explores whether non-labelers are perceived differently from feminists. We investigate the likability of a target described as a feminist, someone who supports the current women’s movement, or someone who supports gender equality. Further, we examine how this varies by target gender and participant feminist identity. We expect that non-feminist participants will rate targets described as feminists or supporting the women’s movement as less likable than those described as supporting gender equality, especially if the target is a man. We expect the opposite for feminist participants. We will collect data from 400 college students who will read a fictional description of a person, which will vary randomly by gender identity and label (feminist, supporter of the current women’s movement, supporter of gender equality). Participants will then judge the person’s likability. Participants will also indicate whether they self-identify as a feminist. Our results have implications for reducing stigma around feminism.
- Gabrielle Dose, Undergraduate Student, Winona State University
- Emma Odiet, Undergraduate Student, Winona State University
- Grace Stanley, Undergraduate Student, Winona State University
- Mary Steiner, Undergraduate Student, Winona State University
- Taylor West, Undergraduate Student, Winona State University
- Andrea Hinitt, Undergraduate Student, Winona State University
- Elizabeth Russell, Assistant Professor, Psychology, Winona State University
The Relation Between Feminist Beliefs and Self-Identity and Gender, Location of Origin, and Degree of a Belief in a Just World
A disparity exists in feminist culture in which a larger percentage of people agree with feminist ideals than are willing to identify as being feminist. This presents a problem because feminist identity is related to positive social factors like social activism (Precopio, 2017). There is a cognitive bias concept that exists in psychology referred to as the belief in a just world (BJW) in which individuals believe that people deserve what happens to them. People who score high in BJW believe that, in general, people receive consequences that are morally fitting to their actions (Lerner, 1980). This study aims to expand the knowledge of the relationship between this feminist ideology-identity disparity, BJW, gender, and location of origin among college students. The participants answered questions that measured BJW, feminist ideology, and feminist identity. The researchers hypothesized that the ideology-identity disparity would be higher in women than men. Also, within those groups, they expected to see the disparity more often in those who score higher in BJW and grew up in rural (compared to urban) areas. My poster explains this data and offers opportunities for considering how to increase feminist activism in college populations.
- Tyler Kluetzman (He/Him/His), Undergraduate Student, Psychology, UW-River Falls
Korean American Undergraduates’ Well-being: Exploring Asian American Values within a Psychosociocultural Framework
Asian American undergraduates are consistently omitted from the educational discourse (Museus, 2013) with psychological, social, and cultural components along with ethnic-specific considerations overlooked (Kiang, Chea, Huynh, Wang, & Yosikawa, 2016). With this context in mind, we examined Korean American undergraduates’ correlates of well-being using a psychosociocultural framework assessing the dimensions of self-beliefs (psychological), support and others expectations (social), and person-context values (cultural; Gloria & Rodriguez, 2000). As an intersectional- (i.e., self-identified gender, college generation, student standing) and values-informed exploration, we assessed how Asian American values (emotional self-control, humility, collectivism, conformity to norms, family recognition through achievement; Kim, Li, & Ng, 2005) influenced the well-being of a predominately self-identified female sample of Korean American undergraduates (154 females, 60 males, 7 did not indicate gender). Results revealed interactions of student standing (lower versus upper) and college generation (first versus continuing) by gender (MANOVA) and relationship patterns (canonical correlations) where cultural values emerged salient.
- Tracy Guan (She/Her/Hers), Graduate Student, Department of Counseling Psychology and School of Education, UW-Madison
- Alberta M. Gloria (Ella, She/Her/Hers), Professor, Department of Counseling Psychology, UW-Madison
Anything You Can Do I Can Do Better…
This poster examines the gender discrimination female athletes face compared to male athletes when it comes to salaries. My research focuses on professional soccer prominent in the media today, particularly recent coverage highlighting how underpaid the women’s U.S. Soccer team is in relation to the men’s U.S. Soccer team, despite the fact that women recently won the World Cup.
Ultimately, I explore different salaries throughout the different leagues both in the United States and other countries and how they are distributed according to the player’s gender. I also provide recommendations on how to bring attention to this issue and solutions for gender parity and pay equity.
- Jennifer Baker, Undergraduate Student, Communication, Purdue University Northwest
Global Innovation Initiative: A Grassroots Movement to Engineer for Humanity and Offer Meaningful Opportunities to Women in Engineering
The Global Innovation Initiative is a student-led effort in the College of Engineering to provide globally-minded students opportunities to pursue interdisciplinary design and innovation projects that serve under-resourced populations. To date, we have conducted an interest survey, created a seminar series, established campus partners, hosted a grant competition, and spearheaded globally-oriented project work in design courses. Expected long-term impacts are increased women’s involvement in engineering due to these opportunities and a campus-level commitment to increasing equity through projects that capitalize on the diverse experiences and talents of UW’s student body.
This presentation will focus on completed and ongoing aspects of the initiative. For example, one of the leaders directed a First-Year Interest Group during the Fall 2019 semester. She taught an introductory engineering lab (InterEgr 170), a crash course in engineering design. Students in this section completed projects to improve the quality of life in under-resourced Kenyan communities. These projects were established with 4W support through Lesley Sager’s Design Thinking study abroad course and the non-profit Merry-Go-Strong.
- Rebecca Alcock (She/Her/Hers), Graduate Student, Biomedical Engineering, Morgridge Fab Lab, Grainger Engineering Design Innovation Lab, UW-Madison
Access to Paid Parental Leave by Education: An Update
In the absence of a federally mandated paid parental leave policy, access to paid parental leave is unequally distributed in the U.S. Larger companies and companies that employ highly educated employees have been more likely to offer a paid parental leave benefit to recruit and retain employees. There have been efforts by many companies to expand these benefits to hourly workers, although the benefits are not equal to those of the corporate employees. Using data from the 2017-2018 Leave and Job Flexibilities Module of the American Time Use Study (just released on 9/24), in concert with the Current Population Study, we seek to determine current trends in paid parental leave benefits by education level and how the education gap in access to paid parental leave has changed since the 2011 data. Access to paid parental leave is associated with a number of positive outcomes for mothers, fathers, and infants thus differential access to that benefit would result in divergent outcomes.
- Lauren McClain, Associate Professor, Sociology and Criminology, Western Kentucky University
- Angelika Gulbis, Instructor, Madison Area Technical College
Disability and Family Responsibilities: How Disability Matters in the Lives of Financially Struggling White Families
Though research has pointed to the prevalence of disability in poverty, often focusing on the lived experiences of either parents of those with disabilities or disabled folks themselves, there has been little investigation into how disability in multiple locations within families shapes family processes and responsibilities among adults and children. How does disability come to matter in the lives of those in financially struggling families and what responsibilities do women and girls take-on as they navigate their own and others’ disability struggles? Using 40 in-depth interviews with adult daughters (ages 18-29) and their mothers in financially struggling white families (total of 26 families), this research investigates what issues of disability mean for family responsibilities in low-income white households. This work compares the experiences of 14 families explicitly struggling with disability to those of 12 families without major and long-term disability struggles. Using a broad definition of “disability” and using an intersectional disabilities studies perspective, this work hopes to illuminate some of the ways in which financially struggling families navigate disability as an intergenerational responsibility and form of interdependence.
- Annaliese Grant (She/Her/Hers or They/Their/Them), Graduate Student, Sociology, UW-Madison
- Rachel Litchman, Undergraduate Student, UW-Madison
Casting a Wider Net: Audio Arts for Personal Reaction and Renewal
This poster explores ways to interrupt ableism in technology. When Ableist ideals are implemented without gathering input from multiple users of differing abilities, there is a deficit in the attention, care, and credibility of the Disabled community. It is difficult to continue the discussion, provide sensitive care, and evaluate future directions when not all technology is accessible to create, share, edit, and distribute audio content for all users over the Internet. My work provides alternate examples—podcasts and video services–focused on care, collaboration, and actionable goals and strategies that increase empathy across groups. his gives idealists, activists, survivors, and allies the opportunity to continue the conversations. The future benefits of cohesion and common practice can follow, creating a positive outcome and media platforms that are accessible and easy to use.
- Alison Lancaster, Graduate Student, Sociology, UW-Madison/Edgewood College
Most conversation about gender and leadership is framed in a stark gender binary; leaving us with limited views on what is possible for people’s leadership. Trans and non-binary folk traverse this binary. They confront these obstacles and invent for themselves leadership traits and styles that are authentic in their own right. This poster will feature preliminary findings from the qualitative research I conducted in interviewing gender diverse community leaders, laying a groundwork for further study and opening up new paradigms of leadership for all.
- Hanna Barton (She/Her/Hers), Graduate Student, Industrial and Systems Engineering, UW-Madison
Systematic Isolation: Solitary Confinement’s Implications on LGBTQ+ Prisoners
Communication and social connection is a key element to human nature. Yet, the practice of solitary confinement, imprisonment within single-cells with little to no contact with other inmates or guards, is widely practiced in prisons for both discipline and protection of prisoners in the United States. The continued use of forced isolation of incarcerated peoples has been equated by some to the practice of torture. Systematic imprisonment of sexual minorities and transgender individuals placed in solitary for their “safety” are of special consideration when analyzing the practice and effects of solitary confinement. The psychological effects on prisoners are now coming to light regarding exacerbating and creating psychiatric issues including PTSD and other dissociative and anxiety disorders. I argue that the practice of solitary confinement has effectively damaged inmates psychologically and that the isolation of sexual minorities is particularly detrimental. Thus, solitary confinement, even for “protection”, is an unnecessary cruelty enforced on inmates.
- Emma Odiet (She/Her/Hers), Undergraduate Student, Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Winona State University
Criminal Record Checkbox Impact on Employment
The criminal record checkbox has been a part of many employment applications for decades, however it has recently attracted attention as a discriminatory practice through movements such as the 2003 Fair Chance Act. Statistics on LGBTQ+ persons show that prisoners experience drastic rates of unemployment, projecting white supremacist views on queer people of color through the prison industrial complex. This poster includes an in-depth explanation of the goals, meaning, and current discussion behind the Ban the Box campaign, and discusses the current and potential future impacts it has on the professional workplace industry. This research focuses on job application questions, performance rates, and discrimination, particularly for queer people of color. Additional research confirms that individuals incarcerated have equal performance rates, underscoring how the practice of not hiring people with a criminal background deepens patterns of discrimination based on experience, race, and sexual identity. These sources reiterate the need for further legislation and protective measures to reverse these trends, especially for marginalized communities.
- Lauryn Olson (She/Her/Hers), Undergraduate Student, Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Winona State University
Activism at the Intersection of Nationality and Sexuality: The Undocuqueer Movement
The Undocuqueer Movement is an activist movement that seeks to address the intersections of the “hybrid” identity of being undocumented and also queer. Julio Salgado, who started this movement, is an artist who calls the undocuqueer movement “artivism” considering most undocuqueer movement activism is through art pieces inspired by Undocuqueer identified folks. With the current political climate in this country, talking about undocumented folks happens a lot, but hardly with talking about the unique experiences and discrimination undocumented folks experience who also identify as LGTBQIA+. Immigrant rights and LGBTQIA+ rights discourse are not fully exclusive to all folks who fall under these categories (those with intersecting identities, undocuqueer or not) and the Undocuqueer Movement seeks to bring awareness to the issues within these two separate groups and how intersectional they really are and to the experiences of Undocuqueer folks in the United States.
- Caitlyn Thurber (She/Her/Hers), Undergraduate Student, Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Winona State University
Our Bodies, Our Tests: Navigating Power Relationships in Women’s Exams
My poster underscores the need for patient choice and voice in screenings, and illuminates how power hierarchies and knowledge inequalities play out between women and their doctors in the microcosm of the doctor’s office through doctor authority and gender inequality in screening. Pelvic screening examinations are considered preventative and generally covered as part of annual “well-woman” exams in the United States (Medicare Rights Center 2018; Health Resources & Services Administration 2018). However, these exams are also associated with over-testing, psychological distress, and physical harm, which can lead some women to avoid the doctor altogether (Rabin 2014; Stormo et al. 2011). Research investigating women’s experiences with these exams and decisions surrounding screening are lacking in the United States. Drawing on a feminist standpoint approach, this study seeks to highlight women’s perspectives and experiences with navigating these exams. I address both the physical and psychological consequences for women, while also uncovering opportunities for informed consent, shared decision-making, and improved patient and provider communication.
- Jenna Nitkowski, Graduate Student, Sociology, UW-Milwaukee
Social Justice Poster Session
2D-Design students at UW-ECBC had the option of creating social or environmental justice projects. For the social justice posters presented here, students chose specific color schemes to create artworks based on their personal concerns/experiences and the theme: “Resistance & Reimagination”.
- Suzanne Truman (She/Her/Hers), Assistant Professor, Art & Design, UW-Eau Claire at Barron County
- Meranda Ricci, Undergraduate Student, UW-Eau Claire at Barron County
Cervical Cancer Prevention, Incidence, and Stage at Diagnosis in the Context of a Changing Family Planning Safety Net
Family planning clinic closures resulting from reproductive healthcare restrictions can negatively impact women’s health by limiting access to preventive and diagnostic services. Previous research demonstrates the effects of early clinic closures on preventive care and the impact of recent closures on birth and abortion rates. However, no research evaluates how Title X clinic closures in Wisconsin from 2013 to 2015 affect cervical cancer rates. Using 2010-2018 county-level data from the Wisconsin Department of Health Services, we will investigate how cervical
cancer prevention and morbidity rates have changed in relation to clinic closures. We expect that counties with distance increases of ≥50 miles will have lower rates of HPV vaccination, later stage at cervical cancer diagnosis, and higher rates of cervical cancer incidence than counties with distance changes less than 50 miles. Our findings will highlight the adverse effects of legislation restricting reproductive healthcare on women’s sexual health.
- Lindsay Cannon (She/Her/Hers), Graduate Student, Sociology, Center for Demography & Ecology, UW-Madison
- Emma Romell, Graduate Student, UW-Madison
The Artist Embodied: Female Creativity and Development in American Literature from 1850-1940
My poster will provide an overview of my monograph coming out with Lexington Books in 2020. My project explores the development of the female artist in American literature by women writers, including the work of E.D.E.N Southworth, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Willa Cather, Jessie Fauset, and Zelda Fitzgerald. I examine how depictions of the female artist depart from the romantic concept of the artist and merge with the “cult of domesticity” to produce a new communal sense of artistry that is implicitly linked to the female body. By tracing tropes of race and disability in Künstlerromane, I argue that women writers contest patriarchal limitations on female creativity and subjectivity, beginning to reshape cultural notions of motherhood, art, and the female body at the turn of the twentieth century.
- Rickie-Ann Legleitner (She/Her/Hers), Assistant Professor, English and Philosophy, UW-Stout